Africa is a rapidly urbanizing continent largely due to increasing rural/urban migration. The rapid growth is without commensurate infrastructure, basic services and employment opportunities. What is the nature of these problems and how do urban residents and institutions respond to them in different contexts? What are the gaps left to be filled by policy makers and other stakeholders? The essays in this volume respond to these questions and a few other strategic issues. In this respect, this publication looks at the issue of “urban crisis” and its management from three tracks: (i) the human security track that underscores the stressful living conditions of many city dwellers in Africa; (ii) the governance track which pertains to how those responsible for managing African cities fail in their duties; and (iii) the relational track that deals with how the urban dwellers in Africa are engaged in different forms of conflicts (violent and non-violent) largely as a result of the stressful conditions of city life. Some policy recommendations are made in the papers.